PEDOT:PSS for Flexible and Stretchable Electronics:
As-cast PEDOT:PSS films have an inherent direct current electrical conductivity (σ) of no more than 1.0 S cm −1; 81, 107, 108 whereas the modified films are able to show a substantial improvement in conductivity to 2–3 orders of magnitude (the best values reach 4000 S cm −1) through the doping of polar solvents, 93 strong acids, 78-81 ionic liquids, ;Special Issue Information. Dear Colleagues, You are cordially invited to contribute to this Special Issue of Coatings entitled “Advanced Thin Films for Opto-Electronic and Photovoltaic Applications”. Thin films and engineered surfaces have a huge potential in the realization of electrical-to-optical and optical-to-electrical transducers.;Layered thin-film structures are used in microelectronic, opto-electronic, flat panel display, and electronic packaging technologies. A few examples are given below. Very large-scale integration (VLSI) of circuits on computer chips are made of multilayers of interconnects of thin metal films patterned into submicron-wide lines and vias.;Flexible electronics enables electronic systems to be compact, light-weight, ultra-thin, stretchable, conformable, or even bio-compatible [ 22]. Thin film transistors, one of the most common active thin film ;All-inorganic flexible Ba 0.67 Sr 0.33 TiO 3 thin films with excellent dielectric properties over a wide range of frequencies. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11 (30), 27088 doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b08712.  Tsai M F, Jiang J, Shao P W, et al. Oxide heteroepitaxy based flexible ferroelectric transistor.;The thin nylon films are typically only a few hundred nanometers thick. The extremely smooth thin films prevent electrical breakdown of capacitors that destroys electronic circuits. The smoothness allows for transparent thin films and transparent electronic devices. Using this method, high-performance nylon capacitors were produced.
Tin oxide films: conductivity breakthrough could boost
A thin, transparent, tin oxide film with record-breaking conductivity has been created for use in semiconductor applications such as next-generation LED lights, solar panels, and touch sensitive displays.;Here, the contribution of this review is an effort to provide a panoramic view of the latest progress concerning truly stretchable electronic devices, of which we give special ;CdTe thin-film solar cells have reported a manufactured cost of $1.25/watt. There is also the promise of increased efficiency by use of multijunction cells or hybrid devices ;As the most-fundamental component of electronics, the thin-film electrode remains the research frontier due to its key role in the successful development of flexible and stretchable electronic devices. Stretchability, however, is generally more challenging to achieve than flexibility. Stretchable electronic devices demand, above all else, that ;nio is one of most common natural anti-ferromagnetic oxides the study of which dates back to the dawn of the anti-ferromagnetism. 74 to accommodate the ∼7% lattice mismatch between nio and srtio 3, high-density dislocations are formed in nio film grown on a srtio 3 substrate ( fig. 4b ). 11,75 o k-edge electron energy-loss spectra (eels) show ;Methods and fabrication processes of realizing stretchability in different thin films, such as semiconductors, metals, and polymers, on compliant substrates are introduced. Novel applications that are enabled by stretchable thin films are presented. The underlying mechanics of stretchable thin film materials in different systems is also
Thin-Film Electronic Substrates
Alumina is an optimal material for most thin-film ceramic substrate applications. CoorsTek controls surface finish, grain size, and surface imperfections to enhance fine-line resolution, spacing, and yields in your thin-film process. CoorsTek substrates are available in "as-fired" and finished form, and in both standard and resistor grades.;When a rigid thin film bonded to an elastomeric polymer substrate is subjected to compressive stress, the film relieves the surface strain by mechanical buckling. ;Semiconductor thin films are essential to the production of cells that absorb sunlight and convert solar energy into electricity. Semiconductor thin films have become popular as society continues to look towards renewable energy options. Optics Engineers use thin film for many of the lighting systems we use today.;The main goal of the field of neuromorphic electronics is to develop novel microelectronic components that emulate the memory and computing functionalities of the biological synapse. As a three-terminal device, thin-film transistors (TFTs) have natural advantages in the mimicking of synaptic functions with p Journal of Materials Chemistry C ;Contact. Thin films and coatings are used or applied to an almost limitless range of applications to provide a specific performance characteristic for a broad range of industrial products. These include coatings that provide antistatic properties, corrosion resistance, reduce wear, and promote adhesion; as well as thin films for optical devices ;This paper reviews fabrication, application, and mechanics of stretchable thin film materials. Methods and fabrication processes of realizing stretchability in different
Electronics | Special Issue Applications of Thin Films in
As thin films technology is a multidisciplinary field, thin films studies have directly or indirectly caused the advancement of many new areas of research and will continue to play increasingly important roles in the study of a variety of problems of basic and technological importance.;The integration of electronic systems with irregular, soft objects is of increasing importance for many emerging technologies, including electronics for the Internet of Things and bioelectronics for monitoring dynamic living organisms and for diagnosing and treating human diseases in the context of personalized medicine and telehealth ().A robust ;As the most-fundamental component of electronics, the thin-film electrode remains the research frontier due to its key role in the successful development of flexible and stretchable electronic devices. Stretchability, however, is generally more challenging to achieve than flexibility. Stretchable electronic devices demand, above all else, that